The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy has a great article explaining the basics of the rationalism – empiricism debate. It covers Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Hume, and some contemporary thinkers. Kant is mentioned but not really discussed.
My position is closer to the empiricism side of things, if we go by the terminology of this article. I don’t think we gain any knowledge solely on the basis of deduction from a priori intuitions, although I think deduction plays an important role in knowledge, and I don’t think we have any innate knowledge or innate concepts.
Of course, there is a lot of work that needs to be done to establish this position, and I’m not going to attempt that here.